On May 1st 1940 the
1st and 2nd platoon of 2e E. Paw. were
incorporated in the 4th Regiment Hussars (4 R.H.)
and the 3rd and 4th platoon in the 1st Regiment
Hussars (1 R.H.). Their task was to defend the
Grebbe defense line (*). Both regiments had to slow down
the advance of the enemy after its break through
the IJssel line of defence. This had to be done
primarely by demolishing everything on their
march route. A direct combat had to be avoided as
much as possible. After the performance of their
task they had to withdraw preferably complete
behind the defence line.
2nd Squadron Armoured Cars, May 1940
||J. L. Bruinier
commander 3rd platoon
|res. 2nd luitenant
W.F. Clifford Kocq van Breugel commander
commander 4th platoon
||A.H. van der Vliet
commander 1st platoon
|sergeant major /
||J. H. Geesink
|sergeant 1 class
||J. H. Nieskens
||W.J. van den Hoek
||M. van der Merwe
||C.J. v.d. Plas
||H.P. de Vriend
||D. de Wit
||A. de Graauw
||J.H. de Groot
On May 7th
all leaves were cancelled. In the early hours of
May 10th the 3rd and 4th platoon (3 & 4-2 E.
Paw.) were sent tot Ede and put under command of
the 4th Regiment Hussars.
near Ede and Apeldoorn of the 4 platoons of the
2nd Squadron Armoured Cars in the early morning
of May 10th 1940.
10-14: 1 and 2 - 2 E. Paw.
In the morning of May 10th the command
group with their officer Bruinier were stationed
near the commandpost of de commander of the 1st
Regiment Hussars in Voorthuizen. The command car
blocked the road to Apeldoorn. Both platoons were
put in position near the bridges over the
Apeldoorn canal. After the demolition of the
bridges the platoons would have to draw back to
the s2nd line while putting up blockades (e.g.
blowing up trees across roads). Shortly after
6.00 hours the bridges were demolished.
1-2 E. Paw. withdrew to Kootwijkerbroek along the
Amersfoort-Apeldoorn road and met up with 4-1
2-2 E. Paw. withdrew to Garderen via Vaassen and
Uddel to join 1-1 R.H. At 11.20 hours 1-2 E. Paw.
arrived in Barneveld and 2-2 E. Paw. was
stationed north of Voorthuizen (3rd line). Late
in the evening all withdrew to the last line of
defence: the Grebbe line: 1-2 E. Paw. along the
road southwest of Nijkerk and 2-2 E. Paw.
southwest of Nijkerkerveen. All roads leading to
Amersfoort had to be blocked.
In the morning of May 11 th de platoons were
ordered to scout the river IJssel and assist the
retreating IJsselbataljons: 1-2 E. Paw went via
Nijkerk and Harderwijk, 2-2 E. Paw. via Uddel and
Vaassen beyond Apeldoorn. 1-2 E. Paw. reached the
IJssel, where all bridges had been demolished and
the enemy had not been seen on the Dutch side.
2-2-E. Paw. reached the Apeldoorn canal.
In the afternoon the commander in chief ordered
all armoured cars to The Hague. Ritmeester
Bruinier indeed marched his command group and 2-2
E. Paw. to The Hague, but 1-2. E. Paw. stayed
behind under command of 1 R.H. and was
subsequently ordered to scout the Veluwe. Late in
the afternoon they collided with the enemy naer
Voorthuizen. After the German resistance was
broken, they withdrew to Vinkenhoef to block the
roads. One armoured car was heavely damaged in
the battle and was pulled back behind the line
In the morning of May 12th 1-2 E. Paw was sent to
scout in the eastern direction. Round midday they
sighted German armourd cars near Zwartebroek.
Late in the afternoon Barneveld was already
occupied by the Germans. In the evening 1 R.H.
and 1-2 E. Paw. were reassembled in the Dumoulin
barracks in Soesterberg.
On May 13th 1-2 E. Paw. advanced to search for
German paratroopers in and round Amersfoort.
These reports proved to be wrong. In the evening
the platoon drove to Haarzuilens, via De Bilt and
Utrecht. The crew of the armourd cars were
accommodated in the outbuildings of Castle De
10 and 11: 3 and 4-2 E. Paw.
In the early morning of May 10th 3-2 E.
Paw was in position at the "Driesprong"
to block the roads to Hoenderloo/Otterloo. 4-2 E.
Paw. was stationed at the western edge of the Ginkelse
was a backward position were the armoured cars
could serve as antitankguns, although they were
in fact not assigned this task.
3-2 E. Paw. was ordered to take position on the
road Ede-De Klomp around 15.00 hours. The
following task was to protect the commandpost of
1 R.H. near the Langenberg against German
armoured cars. But the post had already been
abandoned and they withdrew behind their own
barricades. Around 21.00 hours they reached
Leersum and garrisoned near Castle Broekhuizen.
4-2 E. Paw. went out for patrols until 20.00
hours and then took position in Ede, where they
heard about the earlier retreat to The Hague. At
night they came under enemy fire and tried to
reach De Klomp. Armoured car nr. 19 got stuck and
was abandoned. The crew transferred to car nr.
nr. 19 of 4-2 E. Paw. in the beginning of
May 1940. The orange triangle with black
border is clearly visible.
On May 10th this car was abandoned during
the retreat to De Klomp.
Car nr. 20 drove back to Ede to
collect the men that stayed behind. In the
morning of May 11th the platoon was directed
through the lines at De Klomp with help of their own
troops. In the afternoon they met up with 3-2 E.
Paw. in Leersum. The same afternoon both platoons
were ordered to go to General Headquarters in The
Hague to join 2-2 E. Paw.
11: actions in The Hague and near Valkenburg (ZH)
Around The Hague a very tense and
turbulent situation was growing because of the
suspected presence of German paratroopers and
'fifth colonists' in the city. The squadron had
to protect General Headquarters on the Lange
was directly commanded by the commander in chief,
general Winkelman. Crew and commandpost of the
squadron were housed in the Pulchri Studio.
On May 11th several patrols and orderes were
carried out. Car nr. 24 of 3-2 E. Paw. were sent
to join an infantry bataljon that advanced from
the Haagsche Schouw towards by German airborne
troops occupied Valkenburg Z.H. 4-2 E. Paw. in
THe Hague went to the Laan van Nieuw Oost-IndiŽ.
The cars nrs. 16 and 18 of 2-2- E. Paw. wanted to
join them, but two M39 aroured cars of the Depot
Sqaudron were already present. Next they went -
on their own initiative - to Valkenburg to assist
car nr. 24. The action near Valkenburg consisted of determining
enemy positions and firing at farms and positions
where the enemies presence was suspected. At 8.00
hours on May 12th they were ordered back to The
12: action near Wateringen
On May 12th at 6.00 hours two armoured
cars were sent to Wateringen to scout and to
assist the infantry company there. While trying
to get through to Kwintsheul they made contact
with the German rearguard. The armoured car in
front (nr.17) was hit by a projectile from a
German antitank gun and the commander and aimer
were wounded. At 8.30 hours they were back in The
12: action round Rotterdam and attack on
2-2 E. Paw. received orders to escort a
group of officers from The Hague to Rotterdam.
The escort consisted amongst others three
armoured cars of 2-2 E. Paw. and one car of 3-2
E. Paw. After the escort 1st luitenant Jhr.
Clifford Kocq van Breugel, being the commander of
2-2 E. Paw. was ordered to scout Overschie and
the road Rotterdam-Delft. Car nr. 18 (2-2 E.
Paw.) and car nr. 24 (3-2 E. Paw.) were left
guarding the updrawn drawbridge in the road
Rotterdam-Delft. Clifford Kocq van Breugel
himself scouted with car nr. 16. At 14.00 hours
he reported from Delft that Overschie only had a
weak enemy occupation. Subsequently he was
ordered to put himself at the disposal of the
commander of the Grenadeers Regiment. Together
with other infantry detachments they were to
launch an attack on Overschie. In the afternoon
car nr. 24 was ordered to go via Hilligersberg
and Kleiweg to scout Overschie. After a short
exchange of fire it returned to Rotterdam.
May 14th armoured car nr. 16 with 1st luitenant
Jhr. Clifford Kocq van Breugel had to put up
blockades at the road from Delft to Rotterdam
against German armoured cars. After performing
this order he withdrew to Delft. Around 9.00
hours the advance started anew damaging car nr.
2203 that had to return to Delft for repairs.
Shortly after the renewed advance Rotterdam was
In the meantime car nr. 2203 was repaired and
advanced together with car nr. 16 in the
direction of the blockades. Car 2203 opened fire
at the enemy. The driver of car nr. 16 was
lightly wounded in this action. In the afternoon
rumours of capitulation were heard and all
withdrew to Delft.
13: attack on the bridges over the Meuse
In the morning the Dutch launched an
attack to disperse the German airborne troops on
and around the bridges over the Meuse. This
attack was carried out by the Marine Corps,
assisted by the armoured cars nrs. 18 and 24. In
the fight the chauffeur and the gunner of one of
the armoured cars were wounded. Both cars fired
at German targets on the Noordereiland, but the
attack did not have the required effect and was
halted. In the late afternoon car nr. 18 was
involved in an attack at Overschie. This attack
was stopped and while driving backwards a
machinegun group in hiding and an officer coming
to aid were overrun. All withdrew to Rotterdam.
13: Queen Wilhemina departs for England
Based on the urgent advice of general
Winkelman but very reluctantly queen Wilhelmina
left The Haque. She wanted to go to Hoek of
Holland to sail to Zeeland and there recommence
the fight. In the morning cars of the 2 E. Paw.
scouted the road from The Hague to Hoek of
Holland and all blockades were cleared up. In
combination with a detachment of Police troops
they escorted the queen and her staff from the
palace at Noordeinde to Hoek of Holland. The
torpedoboat HMS Hereward did not put its course
to Zeeland but to England.
12-14: action in Utrecht
4-2 E. Paw. had patrolled Wassenaar, but
then received orders to go to Utrecht with
amongst others two armoured to maintain order. On
arrival the situation was (again) under control.
They stayed in Utrecht untill they heard the
announcement of the capitulation on May 14th.
14: Dutch capitulation
After the capitulation 2 E. Paw was
- 2-2 E. Paw. (minus 2 armoured cars) in The
- 3-2 E. Paw. (minus 1 armoured car) in The Hague
- 1-2 E. Paw. in Haarzuilen
- 4-2 E. Paw. in Utrecht
- 1 car 2-2 E. Paw. and 1 car 3-2 E. Paw. in
- 1 car 2-2 E. Paw. in Delft.
demolished armoured cars on the grounds
of the Nenijto complex in Rotterdam. The
machineguns on front and back are
removed. The cars with their tracks
mounted were probably driven into soggy
parts of the terrain.
The two armoured cars that were in
Rotterdam were driven to the Nenijto-complex and
partly demolished. The crew was emprisoned by
German troops and locked up in a church at
The remnants of the Armoured Car Squadron were
assembled in the Willem de Zwijger barracks in
Wezep en demobbed (end of May).
24 and July 15 1940: disbandment
The formal disbandment of the Armoured
Car Squadron took place on June 24th 1940. The
then remaining men were encamped in the Koning
Willem III barracks in Apeldoorn untill the Dutch
Army as a whole was discontinued on July 15th on
order of the German authorities.
<< History - Armoured
Car Squadrons (1) of History - After May 1940
(*) The information on this
page is a summary of the book: 'Eskadron
Pantserwagens 1936-1940', Drs. J. A. Bom, 1986.
Published in memory of the 50th anniversary of
the formation of the 1st Squadron Armoured Cars,
April 1st 1936 - April 1st 1986.